Book: Siwa-Buddha di Indonesia: Ajaran dan Perkembangannya

ScanSiwa-buddha di Indonesia


Title                       : Siwa-Buddha di Indonesia: Ajaran dan Perkembangannya
Author                   :  I.B. Putu Suamba
Publisher               :  Master Program of Ilmu Agama dan Kebudayaan, Universitas Hindu Indonesia in cooperation with  Widya Dharma
Address                 : Jalan Sangalangit, Tembau, Penatih, Denpasar Timur, Bali, Indonesia.
Phone                    : +62361 464700, 464800
Web site                :
Year of Publication  :  2006
Size                       :  xxx +415 pages, 14,5 x 21 cm.
Cover                      : Soft, colors
Edition                    : Second
Language                : Indonesian
ISBN                      : 797-9490-18-9
Price                      : 80.000 Indonesian Rupiahs

About the book
This book is as a result of a comprehensive study on the developments and teachings of Siwa-Buddha cult in ancient Java based on records in the fields of archaeology, literature, history, and religious practices as found in Java and Bali. The author is in addition to talk about the periodization of Javanese and Balinese histories, he discusses philosophical aspects of it, like metaphysics, ethics, and religion. These elements are viewed as a whole unit forming religious practices found in Bali and Lombok Islands. This book is perhaps the first in its kinds that discusses the issues from multidisciplinary studies and it becomes the only book published discusses various aspects of Siwa-Buddha cult flourished firstly in Java and continued in Bali in the post Majapahit emperor period in 15th century A.D.  Prof Edy Sedyawati has given a foreword that throws some lights on the significance of the book in the fields of Indonesian history, culture, and religion.

03 Aug 2016

Book: Yoga Sutra Patanjali (Terjemahan Sanskerta-Indonesia)

yoga sutra patanjaliTitle                                  : Yoga Sutra Patanjali  (Terjemahan Sanskerta-Indonesia)
Author                              : I.B. Putu Suamba
Publisher                          : Widya Dharma, Universitas Hindu Indonesia Denpasar.
Address                            : Jalan Sangalangit, Tembau, Penatih, Denpasar Timur, Bali, Indonesia.         Ph/Fax                              : +62361 464700, 464800. Web site:
Year of Publication             : 2015
Size                                 : vii + 138 pages,  x 19 cms.
Cover                                : soft, color
Edition                              : First
Language                          : Sanskrit, Indonesian
ISBN                                 : 978-602-9138-70-2
Price                                  : –
About the Book

Yoga-Sutra of Patanjali is an important source in the field of yoga both as a philosophy and practice in Indian tradition. Due to its significance in yoga practices, it has been translated into many languages in the world. This book is a translation of Sanskrit sutra of Yoga-Sutra Patanjali into Indonesian language. It presents texts in Devanagari, its transliteration, and translation word by word in Indonesian.  It is the first in its kind in Indonesian edition to translate Yoga-Sutras in such manner aiming at an easier way for understanding the import of the sutras. With a good development in yoga practices in Indonesia it provides an authentic source for either instructor or teacher and practitioner of yoga.

01 Aug 2016

Pictures: Yoga Practices, Discussion on Ramayana, and Faculty members


Yoga practice with teachers of Polytechnic State of Bali  held in Senggigi Beach, Lombok Island, Indonesia (2012)


As a presenter on the Rembug Sastra at Jagatnatha temple Denpasar Bali on the topic of Ramayana.


Mrs Sukmawati as Yoga instructor for Beauty Class at the Clinique in Kuta, Bali (2014)

Balaji Yatra 2011 137

With the faculty members of Department of Philosophy, University of Pune, India after Viva-cum-depend (2011)

28 Jul 2016

Books published

Some books have been published in the last twenty years covering various topics of philosophy, religion, and culture by the author, I.B. Putu Suamba. He discusses Indonesian or Balinese culture or religion from the perspectives of Indian tradition. In addition to books, some articles published in national and international journals. Books and articles or papers were written in English or Indonesian language. This category shows some of his books published and a brief description of them.




28 Jul 2016

Pictures: Conference and Dharma Pangasraman


Dharma-Dhamma Conference, Bhopal (2012)


Youth Dharma Pangasraman (Mas, Bali – 2014)

27 Jul 2016

History, Religion, and Philosophy of Balinese: A Brief View

Some general ideas / thoughts about history, religion, philosophy, and arts in the following sections are expected can throw some lights to understand Balinese people, life, and culture better than tourists who come just for a while leisure time taking snaps and traveling around. Having a deeper look at these fields of study, one learns and finds Bali as ideas not merely as a tangible entity; each domain grows and interacts each other in multifarious way forming what we called it as “Balinese culture”.
History looks it from time frame or chronological order of the past that can be described based on data available; and at the same time, shows development of ideas, life, and culture through the ages of people inhibited this island. Past, present, and future are time frames to which a Balinese always looks at; moreover in pursuing his ultimate goal of life. There has been a progressive development since pre historic to modern age, perhaps, similar in other parts of the world. The fact shows that such data is not complete in itself or fragmentary in nature; and reconstructing Balinese past especially in prehistoric and old period is a difficult job. Religion shows Balinese life expressing their religiosity centralizing in worshiping the Almighty God or divinities. Prior to the arrivals of foreign influences like from India, China, Middle East, Europe, etc. Balinese had already believed in the existence of the super natural powers, which they called it by various names and images. Philosophy looks at subtle ideas, religious in nature labored by Balinese stalwarts in past as depicted in its textual traditions. Philosophy developed when Balinese had got acquainted with foreign ideas and literary tradition commenced. They were interested in finding out the truth that can be used as the foundation of secular and religious practices. Arts in various forms or modes of expression produced by Balinese as a consequence of their efforts to reach the highest goal of life called moksa (liberation). Arts involves not only in secular but most importantly in religious life. Temple festivals or any holy sacrifices (yajnas) performed are not free from the existence of arts. Bali has wealth of artistic events fascinating visitors.

Further reading Hand Out.doc history religion and philosophy of balinese

25 Jul 2016

Pemikiran-pemikiran Environmental Ethics dalam Kesusastraan Sasana Jawa Kuno: Studi Eksploratif

Achievement obtained in science and technology has been acknowledged that it has contributed so many things in terms of easiness and development. However, this development has causes the existence of dehumanization affecting entire world. There exists a problem of gaps between humans and humans and between humans and environment. Ethics in so far deals only with relationships amongst human beings, so that environment only depends on the kindness of human beings. In other words, ethics is still anthropocentric rather than nature or universal central approach in its application. Texts of Sasana in Old Javanese literature (Kawi) indeed contain ethical environment thoughts which need to be uncovered and reconstructed to become a system of environmental ethics that to be used to cope with increasing problems on environment. Ethical thoughts cover the concepts of Tri Kaya, Dasa Sila, Dasa Yama Brata, Dasa Niyama Brata, Tattwam Asi, etc. All of these are, really speaking, bases of yoga. When these thoughts can be formulated, then environmental ethics is none but an implementation of yoga in which two different poles can be kept in balance and synchronized.
Key words: environmental ethics, dehumanization, anthropocentric, yoga, dharma.

Further readingEnvironmental Ethics dalam Teks Sasana Jawa Kuno

25 Jul 2016

“Kewala Peja Tinunun, Pitra Yajna Ne Kawuwus” : Upacara Pitra Yajna Seperti Diterapkan Oleh Ida Pedanda Made Sidemen

Ida Pedanda Made Sidemen telah mewariskan kepada kita sejumlah karya yang di dalamnya tersimpan pemikiran-pemikiran yang menarik diketahui, terutama oleh generasi muda. Beliau lebar (meninggal dunia) pada tanggal 10 September 1984 dalam usia 126 tahun di Sanur. Beliau dikenal sebagai sastrawan besar di dalam sastra Kawi, seorang pedanda yang sangat sederhana dan taat melakoni sasana kawikon, dan tentu seorang budayawan. Beliau mempresentasikan sosok kawi-wiku yang ideal.
Satu pemikiran beliau yang menarik diketahui adalah mengenai upacara Pitra yajna yang beliau sebut sebagai Mitra-yajna. Beliau sudah menerapkan kepada masyarakat yang mau melaksanakannya di sejumlah desa di Bali dan telah menjadi tradisi tersendiri. Apa yang disebut Mitra-yajna seperti diterapkan oleh Ida Pedanda Made Sidemen? Apa perbedaannya dengan Pitra-yajna yang lumrah dilaksanakan? Apa landasan tattwa pelaksanaan upacara Mitra-yajna? Bagaimana pelaksanaan upacara Mitra-yajna?

Mitra yajna menurut Ida Pdd Md Sidemen

25 Jul 2016

Memahami “Karang Awak” Ida Pedanda Made Sidemen

Tema pokok Pesta Kesenian Bali (P.K.B.) ke-38 tahun 2016 ini adalah “Karang Awak: Mencintai Tanah Kelahiran”. Tema ini diharapkan menjadi inspirasi atau arahan bagi para seniman, panitia, dan peserta pameran di dalam menciptakan dan menampilkan karya-karya seni di kompleks Taman Budaya (Art Centre) Denpasar Bali, tempat dilaksanakan hajatan seni ini dari tanggal 9 Juli s/d 11 Juli 2016. Sementara itu, Ida Pedanda Made Sidemen (1858-1984), seorang kawi-wiku asal Gerya Taman Sanur di dalam karya geguritan-nya berjudul Salampah Laku ada menyuratkan konsep “tong ngelah karang sawah, karang awake tandurin” dalam pupuh Sinom. Ungkapan ini semakin dikenal sejak upaya-upaya penerbitan atau pembahasan karya penting ini dimulai.

Memahami Karang Awak

25 Jul 2016

Aspek-aspek Karma Kanda dan Jnana Kanda dalam Siwaratri

Siwaratri, malam pemujaan Siwa sebagai sebuah peristiwa keagamaan senantiasa menarik terus dimaknai dalam konteks kekinian dan juga yang akan datang; menggali nilai-nilai yang terselubung di dalamnya di dalam rangka pecerahan rohani. Kesemarakan umat Hindu memuja Siwa di malam ini boleh dikatakan suatu fenomena keagamaan yang menggembirakan yang perlu dipelihara, namun yang lebih penting adalah pemujaan yang dilakukan agar juga memperhatikan aspek kualitas sebagai cermin kesadaran diri untuk terus mengembangkan kesucian, kesadaran diri.
Siwaratri dirayakan oleh umat Hindu di seluruh dunia. Di India, pada malam ini dilakukan Siwalinggam Puja, menghaturkan persembahan, atau festival kesenian di kuil-kuil Siwa. Kaum ibu mempersiapkan persembahan (sesajen) berisi kembang, buah, beras kuning, lampu dengan mentega, susu, dan manisan yang dibuat khusus Siwaratri. Setelah disucikan melalui mantra-mantra pandit, sesajen tersebut ditempatkan di hadapan Siwalinggam. Diyakini apabila kaum wanita memuja Siwalinggam pada hari ini, ia akan mendapatkan jodoh sesuai keinginannya. Perayaan ditandai dengan sembahyang kepada Siwalinggam dan upavasa. Di areal kuil Siwa terkenal di Khajuraho di wilayah Madya Pradesh festival Siwaratri berlangsung selama sebulan. Berbagai atraksi kesenian dan pameran yang bernafaskan Siwa dipentaskan di sini. Umat Hindu di sana merayakan hari suci ini dengan penuh kesucian, suka cita dan kemeriahan.
Makalah ini mencoba membahas aspek upacara dan tattwa-jnana di dalam Siwa Puja dalam Siwaratri, malam Siwa. Yang pertama dikenal dengan istilah Karma Kanda, yang terakhir dengan Jnana Kanda . Penekanan pembahasan diberikan pada aspek Jnana Kanda.

Karma Kanda dan Jnana Kanda dalam Siwaratri


23 Jul 2016